Holy Days

Bahá’ís commemorate 11 holy days each year. These occasions are usually observed with community gatherings in large or small settings, with programs befitting the significance of the day. The tables below indicate where these days fall on a Gregorian calendar for 2019 and 2020.

Holy days

2019 2020
Naw-Rúz The Bahá’í New Year 21 March 20 March
First Day of Ridván (meaning “Paradise” in Arabic) — the most important of the Bahá’í holy days. It is the day on which Bahá’u’lláh declared His mission as a Messenger of God.  21 April 20 April
Ninth Day of Ridván, the day on which Bahá’u’lláh’s family joined Him in the Garden of Ridván. 29 April 28 April
Twelfth Day of Ridván the day on which Bahá’u’lláh and His family left the garden to travel to Constantinople. 2 May 1 May
Declaration of the Báb the anniversary of the Báb’s announcement of His mission in 1844. 24 May 23 May
Ascension of Bahá’u’lláh marking the passing of Bahá’u’lláh in 1892 29 May 28 May
Martyrdom of the Báb Who was executed in 1850 10 July 9 July
Birth of the Báb 29 October 18 October
Birth of Bahá’u’lláh 30 October 19 October
Day of the Covenant* commemorating Bahá’u’lláh’s appointment of His son, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, as the One to whom His followers should turn after His passing. 26 November 25 November
Ascension of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá* marking the passing of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in 1921 28 November 27 November

Note: The Bahá’í holy days are set and move according to a solar calendar commencing with the Spring Equinox. However the holy days marking the birth of the Báb and Bahá’u’lláh are set and move according to a lunar calculation.

* Work not suspended; Bahá’ís are enjoined to suspend work on all but these holy days.

Other significant days

2019 2020
Ayyám-i-Há (also known as the Intercalary Days) a period of celebration devoted to charity, gift-giving and festivities prior to the annual period of fasting 26 February - 1 March 25 February - 28 February
The month of fasting, during which Bahá’ís from the age of 15 abstain from food and drink between sunrise and sunset. There are exemptions, including for those who are ill, elderly, traveling, pregnant or breastfeeding. 2 - 20 March 1 - 19 March